The study aims to analyse the role assumed by diversity in organization and its dynamics consequences for the Human Resource Management. In this regard, a focus on gender diversity and is effect on organizational performance is empirically investigated.
The literature on International Human Resource Management has constantly dealt with, both from a theoretical and managerial perspectives, the opportunities for enterprises to gain from the emergent diversity in organization, improving their performance.
Based on a sample of 636 Italian firms over the period 2010–2020, the findings show that gender diversity – as critical element of the diversity management – significantly influences the firm performance measured by firm innovation.
JEL classification numbers: O30, O32.
Keywords: Human Resource Management, Diversity management, Gender diversity, Firm performance, Italy.
ISSN: 1792-7552 (Online)