Advances in Management and Applied Economics

Evaluating Cost of Air Pollution from using Fossil Fuels in Some Industries in Egypt

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  • Abstract

    To achieve industrial development, Egypt is facing a major problem which is limited energy resources, leading the Government to think of the necessity of heading towards using coal as source of energy. As coal is an important source of pollution and Egypt suffers from industrial pollution this paper evaluates the cost of air pollution for four pollutants SOx, NOx, PM10, and PM2.5 emitted from using fossil fuels (diesel and natural gas compared to coal) in three energy intensive and polluting industries which are Steel, Aluminium and Cement in Egypt in 2013. The study finds the following: first, using coal produces more emissions in the form of the three pollutants SOx, PM10, and PM2.5 emitted from the three industries but in the case of NOx using diesel produces more emissions. Second, cost of air pollution resulted from using coal is the highest cost compared to that from using diesel and natural gas, while using natural gas produces the least cost.