In an analysis of Covid-19 death recording
in 2020, Kunce (2020a) examined whether the perceived political ideology of a
state in the U.S. impacted Covid-19 assigned deaths. The idea being that the
political 'attitudes' of those responsible for completing and certifying death
certificates influenced whether Covid-19 appeared as a cause of death under the
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's new liberal guidance. States that
lean more democrat in ideology were found to assign significantly more Covid-19
related deaths than the average state − coined a blue-state political death
creep. This paper extends the analysis using state-level panel data from
2020-2022. Results from a Hausman-Taylor instrumental variable model bolsters
the conclusions reached by Kunce (2020a) with robust specification.
JEL classification numbers: C12, C13, C23.
Keywords: Covid-19 deaths,
Panel data, Hausman-Taylor.