Ethical standards for publication exist to ensure the quality of the scientific publications. All journals published by Scienpress Ltd are committed to publishing only original manuscripts and work that has neither been published elsewhere (nor is under review elsewhere). So, it is critical to avoid some specific ethical violations (like plagiarism, simultaneous submission, data fabrication, duplicate publication, improper author contribution, citation manipulation)
Plagiarism is deliberately using someone else’s ideas, or other original material without acknowledging its source and without refer to him/her. Copying even small part ( for example one sentence) from someone else’s manuscript, or even one of your own that has previously been published, without proper citation is considered plagiarism.
2. Simultaneous Submission
Simultaneous submission occurs when a manuscript is submitted to a journal when it is already under consideration by another journal.
3. Data Fabrication and Falsification
Data fabrication and falsification means the researcher did not actually do the study, but made up the results and had recorded or reported the fabricated information. Data falsification means the researcher did the experiment, but manipulated, changed, or omitted data or results from the research findings. This would lead to public distrust and less willing to provide funding support.
4. Duplicate Publication
Duplicate publication occurs when two or more papers, without full cross referencing, share the same hypotheses, data and conclusions.
5. Improper Author Contribution
All listed authors must have made a significant contribution to the research in the paper.
6. Citation Manipulation
Citation Manipulation is including excessive citations, in the submitted manuscript, that do not contribute to the content of the article and have been included solely for the purpose of increasing citations to a given author’s work, or to articles published in a particular journal.