Advances in Management and Applied Economics

Using Socioecological Systems Based on a Modified Delphi Method to Explore Entrepreneurship Education

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  • Abstract

     

    Entrepreneurship can substantially influence a country’s economy, not only stimulating economic growth but also encouraging national development during periods of economic recession. As indicated by Schumpete in 1934, entrepreneurship refers to a series of behaviors required for economic resource management and redistribution; the purpose of entrepreneurship is to create economic value. In 1985, Gartner proposed four dimensions of entrepreneurship: individuals, environments, organizations, and new venture processes. Most studies on entrepreneurship education have focused on entrepreneurial spirit, knowledge, and skills. Some basic concepts are crucial for entrepreneurship education and research; if entrepreneurial phenomena can be clarified from a theoretical perspective, then an excellent entrepreneurship education model can be established and various entrepreneurial talents can be cultivated (e.g., the socioecological systems framework developed by Ostrom). In the present study, a modified Delphi method was used to investigate entrepreneurship education; we found that entrepreneurship education was related to society, the economy, policies, and ecological systems. Finally, we hoped that the results of this study could serve as a reference for education authorities to formulate polices on entrepreneurship education.