Purpose: This study assessed chronic
kidney disease (CKD) in Pingtung, Taiwan as indicated by the annual changes
glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and risk factors of estimated glomerular
filtration rate (eGFR).
Methods: This study utilized longitudinal
data analysis to examine the 2011-2013 medical checkup results for adult at a
Pingtung hospital. The participants' general information, physical examination
results, and blood test results were analyzed. eGFR was calculated via the
abbreviated modification of diet in renal disease (aMDRD) formula and used to
determine eFGR stages based on the 2002 Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality
Initiative (K/DOQI) guidelines.
Results: Data from a total of 9,702
participants were analyzed in this study. This study indicated that in
Pingtung, from 2011 to 2013, male, aged 65 years and those who have metabolic syndrome and its components are
abnormal have lower eGFR. Multiple linear regression analysis was applied to
examine the risk factors influencing eGFR. The results showed lower eGFR in
males, participants aged 65 and over, participants with metabolic syndrome,
blood pressure, waist circumference, and
triglyceride level abnormalities.
Conclusion: Predictors of eGFR decline included male gender, age
of 65 years and over, metabolic syndrome, and abnormal blood pressure, waist
circumference, and triglyceride levels.