Organizational Characteristic is an essential ingredient for moderating budgeting process. The study sought to establish the moderating effect of Organizational Characteristics on the relationship between budgeting process and performance of Churches. While budgeting process is important to organizations, previous studies have reported conflicting results regarding the existence of budgeting process in Churches. Furthermore, there has been little focus on how organizational characteristics moderate the relationship between budgeting process and performance of Churches. Also, not many studies linked budgeting process and organizational characteristics to the performance of churches, and none combined the three variables in one study. It was hypothesized that there is no moderating effect of Organizational Characteristics on the relationship between budgeting process and performance of Churches in Kenya. The study used positivistic research design and descriptive design. Collected data from 104 Churches in Kenya were analyzed using statistical tests and correlational analysis. Multi regression analysis was used to test the hypothesis. This study finds that organizational characteristics have moderating effects on the relationship between budgeting process and the performance of churches in Kenya. The study further found that budgeting process is adequately practiced while organizational characteristics affected budgeting process resulting in a positive performance. The study finds that Age, Size, technology, leadership style affect the performance of Churches. The study recommends that Churches focus on strengthening technology and leadership styles to enhance budgeting process and improve performance.
JEL classification numbers: H110, H610
Keywords: Budgeting Process, Organizational Characteristics, Performance
ISSN: 2241-0996 (Online)