This study aims to investigate the interactions, volatility spillovers and smooth transition effects between stock and foreign exchange markets in emerging versus developed countries by the Smooth Transition Vector Error Correction-Smooth Transition GARCH with Dynamic Conditional Correlation model (STVE-STGARCH-DCC). The empirical results yield several findings. Firstly, boom stock markets in emerging countries will trigger their domestic currency appreciation, while prosperous stock markets in developed countries result in currency depreciation. Secondly, the conditional variances for stock markets mainly result from unexpected shocks, past volatility, and short-term impact effects, thus leading to a persistence of volatility in both emerging and developed markets. The conditional variances for foreign exchange markets display similar patterns but show weaker short-term impact effects and slower transition speeds. Thirdly, unexpected shocks in a stock market broadly affect its own stock volatility, while those only affect India’s volatility in the rupee market. In contrast, unexpected shocks in foreign exchange markets mainly affect foreign exchange volatility, except for India; however, those influence their stock volatility only for emerging countries, such as India and South Africa. Lastly, developed markets are more efficient than emerging markets are.
JEL classification numbers: C32, C51, C52, G11, G15
Keywords: Asymmetric Effects, Bivariate STVEC-STGARCH-DCC, Market Efficiency, Nonlinear Model, Smooth Transition Auto-regression, ICSS Algorithm.
ISSN: 1792-6599 (Online)