International Journal Of Occupational Health and Public Health Nursing

Chronic Kidney Disease in Community

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  • Editorial

     

    The world's disease profile is changing, and chronic diseases now account for the majority of global morbidity and mortality. The causes of chronic kidney diseases (CKD) reflect this change. The increase in prevalence of CKD is partly due to a real increase in its frequency (due to the increase in the average age of people surviving), better detection of CKD, but also to the increasing incidence of diabetes and hypertension among people today, not only within the developed world, but also increasingly within the emerging world.                                                        Furthermore, hypertension, smoking, hypercholesterolemia, and obesity, currently among the World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) top 10 global health risks, are strongly associated with CKD. The factors, together with increasing diabetes prevalence and an aging population, will result in significant global increases in chronic kidney diseases (CKD)  end stage renal disease (ESRD) patientsThere are approximately 275000 patients with ESRD in the United States and it is estimated that an additional 8 million US adults have kidney disease (defined as a glomerular filtration rate [GFR] of 60 mL/min per 1.73 m2). Because kidney disease often progresses to ESRD and its attendant complications, the identification of precursors of kidney disease is important, with the belief that interventions will prevent or delay the progression to ESRD.