High level of noise in the work environment (especially in the manufacturing and construction industry) is always seen as a major problem in all parts of the world. It has been studied that prolonged and repeated exposure to loud noise can affect human hearing which may lead towards permanent hearing loss. Noise induced hearing loss (NIHL) at the workplace is seen as one of the major occupational health problems and the topic has gained a lot of popularity in the recent past. Prior research confirms that NIHL is the second most common form of hearing loss after age-related hearing loss; however, it can be avoidable. This article can be seen as an information guide as it addresses the topic of NIHL by providing an extensive review to cover various factors associated with NIHL and how the problem can be avoided (prevention) as well as treated (when it occurs). We believe that the information provided in this article would certainly benefit occupational health nurses.