International Journal Of Occupational Health and Public Health Nursing

The link between job satisfaction and social support among healthy female part-time employees: A cross-sectional survey

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  • Abstract

     

    Although workplace social support has been reported to be beneficial against work-related stresses, little is known about its contribution to job satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between job satisfaction and different sources of social support, as well as the interaction of job strain and social support. Participants were 131 healthy female part-time employees in a retail service company. Participants answered to a self-administered questionnaire consisted of job satisfaction, age groups, educational levels, co-morbid disorders, self-rated health, alcohol consumption, smoking habits, health checkups, social support, job strain, working hours and commuting time. Job satisfaction was evaluated by the Japanese version of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Generic Job Stress Questionnaire, and social support and job strain were assessed by the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire. Multiple linear regression analysis controlling for confounders revealed that social support from supervisor (=0.210, p=0.012) and co-workers (=0.200, p=0.012), respectively, had significant independent association with job satisfaction, while no significant interactive effects of social support x job strain were found. We conclude that both supervisor and co-worker support are equally important to increase job satisfaction despite different levels of job strain among female part-time employees.