Despite numerous international agreements affirming the rights of women, a large proportion of women in the Arab are still more likely to be poor and illiterate compared to men. They usually have less access to elite positions, credit, promotion opportunities, training and development than men, are far less likely to be active in politics. This situation has can be attributed to society’s failure to acknowledge that the roles played by men and women in the society are not biologically determined but socially constructed, changeable and changing. In most cases, women play non-economic or less economical roles in the society leading to a state of backwardness. Ironically, women are vested with the responsibility of household issues, nutrition and childcare. They are also more active in environmental management.