This article examines the Medicare Modernization Act (MMA) of 2003. The legislative history is discussed to understand how the bill was shaped in accordance with the interest of different sectors. This article also probes whether or not the bill has been successful in meeting the needs of the elderly population to gain secure access to affordable prescription medicine as well as helping the federal government lower its spending. Based on available literature, the Modernization Act has a limited advantage to the people it seeks to serve, while giving private companies more money and business. The Medicare Modernization Act fails to answer the needs of the elderly population to have better access to prescription drug because. While it offers more services and benefits, the MMA does not answer the problem on cost related to medication.