is main feature of diabetes mellitus. Type 1 and Type 2 are main categories.
Symptoms are polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia, blurring of vision and weight
loss. It is preventable but has some risk factors, and complications. This
study compared the knowledge on diabetes among diabetic and non-diabetic
residents of a rural community in Enugu State, Nigeria. It was a
cross-sectional study carried out during a medical outreach activity.
Glucometer was used to determine the level of blood sugar, among the
respondents. Pretested interviewer administered questionnaire was used for data
collection, and SPSS 20.0 for windows was used for analysis. Among the 296
respondents interviewed and tested, 25 (8.4%) had diabetes mellitus while 271
(91.6%) are non-diabetic. Overwhelming percentage of diabetics had better
knowledge on the parameters studied. The score of diabetics on the types,
prevention, and risk factors of diabetes mellitus was 47.0%, while
non-diabetics scored 16.3%. The difference in knowledge is statistically
significant. For symptoms and complications, diabetics scored 57.2%, while
non-diabetics scored 16.1%. The difference is also statistically significant.
Health educating rural dwellers will equip them with the knowledge of DM
prevention and management, and ultimately reduce the cases of DM in the rural