Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering

New Tectonic Activity within Zagros Taurus belt: A case study from north Iraq using Region Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM)

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  • Abstract

    This work investigates fold growth and drainage evolution of the Duhok Al-Qosh and Duhkan anticlines (Iraqi Kurdistan region) by means of structural and tectonic geomorphology using a geological map and SRTM remote sensing data (digital elevation model and satellite images). The implementation of geomorphic indicator will help understanding the mechanism between growth of fold and drainage pattern and also concluding the tectonic evolution in the study site. Fault has an impact on the width of the folds and also on the drainage basin in the study area. The Aspect ratio indicates that the folds in the study area are formed by thrust-cored or forced and buckling. The tributaries of the drainage basin are characterized by drainage parallel to the fold crest on the fold hinge, with less asymmetric and asymmetric forked networks. Perfect symmetry index (FSI) is represented by Al-Qosh fold. Higher value of front sinuosity can be in the first uplift fold and later exposed to erosion by stream basin on the limbs of folds for long time. The spacing ratio and basin shape show basin maturity.

    Keywords: Geomorphic indices; SRTM; High Folded Zone; tectonic activity; fault system, Iraqi