Reclamation in Iraq was known in 1950s,
where the problems salinity and water-logging are mainly apparent in the middle
and south of Iraq. The early interventions in reclamation sectors was simple,
not precise, or calibrated properly, hence, salinization and water-logging
aggravated. Since the reclamation activities are time
and resources consuming, which may last in several years, these are
highlighting the fact that most of the beneficiaries could not afford the
conducting of this activity. Therefore, Iraqi government take the decision in
1970s to carry out the reclamation and improve the agricultural processes
vertically. There are millions of donums were reclaimed along Iraq. There are key steps adopted to conduct the
sophisticated reclamation in order to get rid of salinity, lowering water table
to acceptable depths, and prevent future salinization. The reclamation is not just an engineering
project, the full reclamation are also may include, rural development,
capacities building for operators and beneficiaries, educational development,
research development, and social development.
Land reclamation, Salinity, water logging, Iraq.