Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering

Geology, Geomorphology, Tectonics and Geography of the Tigris Basin

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  • Abstract


    The geography, geomorphology, tectonics, stratigraphy and economic potentials of areas alongside the Tigris River and its tributaries are given with emphasis on Iraqi parts. The river runs mainly in the Mesopotamian Plain, whereas its tributaries run in different tectonic zones with different characters. Accordingly, the Quaternary sediments being dominated by alluvial plain sediments cover large parts of the river course, whereas the tributaries run through areas covered mainly by different rocks types of Neogene age. The main economic potential is the existing oil fields, sulphur and limestone deposits for cement industry.


    Keywords: Tigris River, Quaternary sediments, Mesopotamian Plain, Economic potential.