The basins of the Tigris and Euphrates
Rivers Cover an area of 917103km2 distributed between Iraq, Turkey,
Iran, Syria and Saudi Araba. The population within the basins reaches about 50
million inhabitants. The flow of the two rivers is decreasing with time. This
is due to the construction of dams and irrigation projects in the upper parts
of the basins and climate change. This has an impact on the quality of water
within the two rivers. Iraq being the lowest riparian country is highly
effected. Analysis of water quality of the water indicates that the salinity of
Euphrates water is increasing with time and on the Syrian- Iraqi borders, it is
of unacceptable level where it is higher than what is recommended for
Irrigation. The Tigris water quality becomes alarming once the river enters
Iraq and at Baghdad, it becomes unsuitable for irrigation. To overcome these
problems, riparian countries must cooperate seriously to take measures to
improve the quality of water within the two rivers.
Euphrates, Dams, Iraq.