Journal of Statistical and Econometric Methods

A statistical survey on awareness and knowledge of sexually transmitted infections [stis] in north-eastern Nigeria

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  • Abstract

    Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) constitute a significant public health problem affecting hundreds of millions of people globally and causing far-reaching health and socio-economic consequences.  Hospital-based studies show high levels of prevalence of various types of STIs including AIDS, gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, genital herpes and trichomoniasis in Nigeria. Consequences of STIs include female and male infertility, spontaneous abortions, ectopic pregnancies, stillbirths, chronic lower abdominal pain, cervical cancer, and death. There are many problems associated with the diagnosis of STIs because many are asymptomatic and may require sophisticated equipment for diagnosis. The control of STIs is an essential element of reproductive health. There are indications that in Nigeria many people self-medicate or patronize traditional healers. Because the presence of STIs can increase the likelihood of HIV transmission, proper education, and control of STIs are essential strategies for preventing the spread of HIV. This study elicited information on the awareness and knowledge of respondents on sexually transmitted infections in North-Eastern Nigeria. The data is from National HIV & AIDS, and Reproductive Health Survey (NARHS plus II, 2012) conducted by Federal Ministry of health, Abuja Nigeria’ Statistical methods and techniques used in analyzing the data and presented in tables and charts for easy comprehension.

     

    Keywords: STIs, Awareness, HIV, North-Eastern Nigeria.